Courses in History at every level aim to develop students’ critical thinking and communication skills as well as their mastery of a particular body of knowledge.  Lectures, essays, exams, in-class assignments, discussions and presentations are the principal vehicles used to achieve these aims.  The precise structure and format of courses vary according to level.  First-year courses introduce students to the study of History by considering historical issues in the context of broad geographical regions (Canada, the Americas, Europe, the World).  Second-year courses survey the history of particular periods, states or regions.  Third-year courses focus more closely on particular themes (social history; military history) or topics (the French Revolution; the ’Sixties in North America).  Fourth-year courses are advanced seminars.