How to Cite Properly

There are many good online guides to citing the work of others properly:

  • York University's Academic Integrity Tutorial uses case studies to distinguish good from poor referencing techniques
  • included in a series of pages at the University of Toronto on academic writing are some guidelines for using sources
  • the University of Alberta Libraries has produced a short PDF handout for distinguishing between what is common knowledge (and so does not need to be cited) and what is not common knowledge (and would therefore need to be referenced in your work)
  • guidelines for distinguishing acceptable from unacceptable forms of paraphrasing are available from the Online Writing Lab at Purdue University, the Writing Place at Northwestern University and the University of Arizona Libraries.