What Can I Copy

As a U of R student, the copying you can do without permission falls into several different categories:

  1. You may copy materials for which the university has negotiated licenses (according to the terms of those agreements); this would primarily include library databases and e-journals. In these cases the university has negotiated permission for you in advance.
  2. Fair dealing exceptions in the Copyright Act allow you to copy a short excerpt from a work for your personal use for the purposes of private study, research, education, review, criticism, news reporting, parody, or satire. The Copyright Act requires use for the purposes of criticism, review, and news reporting to always include a full citation to qualify as fair dealing. If the work you are copying from is in a digital format and contains technological protection measures to prevent copying (digital locks), those measures supersede the fair dealing rights granted in the Copyright Act and any circumvention of those measures constitutes an infringement of copyright. See the fair dealing guidelines for further guidance on using this provision.
  3. Works that are published as open access or under a creative commons licence can usually be copied, just make sure you adhere to any conditions stated in a terms of use or licence attached to the work.
  4. Works in the public domain have no limits on copying or other use. These are works in which copyright has expired. See the public domain page for details.

Note that not everything available on the Internet is open access or in the public domain. It’s best to assume that content you find online is copyright protected unless there is a clear statement indicating otherwise. See educational use of the Internet for more details.

Any copying that does not fall into one of these categories would need the permission of the copyright owner.