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Viktoriya Galushko

Associate Professor, Undergraduate/Graduate Program Coordinator (On leave)
PhD, University of Saskatchewan

Office: CL 244
Phone: 306-585-4191

Research interests
Intellectual Property Rights in Agriculture, Economics of Innovation, Returns to Agricultural R and D, International Trade Policy, Agricultural Trade Policy

I have been a member of the Department of Economics at the University of Regina since 2008. I earned my PhD in Agricultural Economics from the University of Saskatchewan in 2008 and hold a Master’s degrees in Economics (Kyiv-Mohyla University, EERC program, Ukraine; 2003) and Agricultural Economics (National Agricultural University, Ukraine; 2002). My course of study was always motivated by the importance of agricultural and food markets for people’s livelihoods and economies in general. Agricultural policies, controversies and politics behind those always ignited my interest and there was always a perceived need to better understand them to improve the state of society through better policy. I absolutely love my job because it provides that stimulating environment for policy analysis that equips me with the tools required to make the world a “better place” as well as provides an opportunity to share these tools with young, thirsty for knowledge, minds.

My teaching interests include all levels of Microeconomics, International Trade, and courses with quantitative skills component such as Empirical Economics, Mathematical Economics, and Econometrics. My research focuses primarily on agricultural policy and I am particularly interested in how plant intellectual property (IP) policy is connected with plant R&D, the structure and performance of the seed sector, trade in seeds, and farmers’ welfare.

Current Research

Spotlight on research: After years of discussions about the need to update Plant Breeders’ Rights Act (1990), Canada finally passed the Agricultural Growth Act (Bill C-18) in 2015. It has been years since the passage of the Bill and yet no changes to the existing Plant Breeders’ Rights Act have been made. Providing only a weak protection to new plant varieties, the existing system has dis-incentivized private investment in R&D in certain crops. Cereal breeding sector where genetic modification and hybridization are not an option, is the one that suffered the most from weak IP protection. Joint work with my colleagues at the University of Regina and the University of Saskatchewan within the scope of a Genome Canada grant investigates and assesses alternative seed royalty collection mechanisms in the grain sector so as to generate increased crop research funding, thus establishing a strong plant breeding industry in Canada for the benefit of producers.

Refereed Publications:

Gray, R., Kingwell, R.S., Galushko, V., Bolek, K. 2017. Intellectual Property Rights and the Canadian Wheat Breeding for the 21st Century. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics 65 (2017): 667 – 691.

Flister, L., Galushko, V. 2016. The impact of wheat market liberalization on the seed industry’s innovative capacity: an assessment of Brazil’s experience. Agricultural and Food Economics 4: 11

Galushko, V., Sagynbekov, K. 2014. Commercialization of University Research in Canada: What Can We Do Better? International Journal of Business Administration, Vol. 5, No. 5 (September 2014)

Galushko, V. Gray, R. 2014. The Privatization of Wheat Breeding in the UK: a 25 Year Retrospective Assessment, Science and Public Policy (Oxford Journals) 41(6): 765-779

Galushko, V. 2012. Do Stronger Intellectual property Rights Promote Seed Exchange: Evidence from U.S. Seed Exports? Agricultural Economics 43, Issue Supplement s1: 59-71

Galushko, V., Ryan, C. 2012. Intellectual Property and Freedom to Operate in the Flax Breeding World: Canada in the Global Context. International Journal of Technology and Globalization 6(3): 171-187.

Galushko, V., Gray, R., and Oikonomou, E. 2012. Operating in an Intellectual Property World: Knowledge Sharing among Plant Breeders in Canada. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics 6 (3): 295-316

Galushko, V., Gray, R., and Smyth, S. 2010. Resolving FTO barriers in GM canola. AgBioForum 13(4): 360 – 369. Available at