Employment Equity Program*

A program designed to identify discrimination that exists  in the system, however unintentional, take steps to eliminate it, and make reasonable accommodation to address the effects of past discrimination. National employment statistics indicate that four groups were/are disadvantaged: Aboriginal people, persons with disabilities, members of visible minorities, and women.

Diversity Program*

A program designed to create an equitable and fair employment system for all employees by celebrating peoples' differences and viewing differences as valuable and beneficial.

Representative Workforce

A workforce that reflects our provincial working age population including Aboriginal people, persons with a disability, visible minority members and women, in all classifications and at all levels of the organization.

Aboriginal Person

This term is in the Constitution of Canada [s.35.1 (1982)] and refers to "Indian, Métis and Inuit people".


The term "Indian" collectively describes all the indigenous people in Canada who are not Inuit or Métis.

First Nations

A term that may be used instead of "Indian" that applies to Status and Treaty Indians but is not a legal term. It is also used to describe a band or reserve.

Status Indian

A person who is registered as an Indian under the Indian Act.

Treaty Indian

A Status Indian who belongs to a First Nation that signed a treaty with the Crown.


An Indian person who is not registered as an Indian under the Indian Act either because he or his ancestors were never registered, or because status was lost through marriage or other provisions of the Act.


Aboriginal people in northern Canada living generally above the tree line in the Northwest Territories, northern Quebec and Labrador. The Inuit are not covered in the Indian Act but the federal government makes laws concerning the Inuit.


People with mixed First Nations and European ancestry who identify themselves as Métis, distinct from Indian people, Inuit, or non-Aboriginal people. Métis Nation of Saskatchewan definition: identify as having Métis ancestry, accepted by the Métis community, self-declare.  Métis are not recognized in the Indian Actbut are defined as Aboriginal in the constitution s. 35.1.

Persons from Visible Minority Groups

Members of visible minority groups are persons other than Aboriginal people, who, because of their race or colour, are a visible minority in Canada and who identify themselves as non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour. Members of a visible minority group may include the following: Asian, African, Latin American, Indo-Pakistani and Middle Eastern. There may be others not listed.

Persons with Disabilities

People who have any persistent physical, mental, psychological, sensory or learning impairment that requires accommodations in the workplace, and who consider themselves to be, and believe that an employer or potential employer would consider them to be, disadvantaged in finding, retaining or advancing in employment because of that condition.

Types of disabilities may include: co-ordination or dexterity impairment, persistent medical condition requiring ongoing remedial treatment, mobility impairment, speech impairment, visual impairment, hearing impairment and psychological. There may be others not listed.

*Employment Equity and Diversity principals have been incorporated into the University of Regina's Representative Workforce Strategy.