Refereed Publications

You can check out citation metrics for my ISI-listed journal articles and download copies here.

Bailey, L., R.M. Brigham, S.J. Bohn, J.G. Boyles and B. Smit. 2019. An experimental test of the allotonic frequency hypothesis to isolate the effects of light pollution on bat prey selection. Oecologia 190:367-74.

Woods, C.P., Z.J. Czenze and R.M. Brigham. 2019. The avian “hibernation” enigma: Thermoregulatory patterns and roost choice of the Common Poorwill. Oecologia 189:47–53.

Brigham, R.M. 2018. Listening to learn; A primer on bat echolocation research. Canadian Journal of Zoology 96:iii-iv.

O’Connor, R.S., R. M. Brigham  and A.E. McKechnie. 2018. Extreme operative temperatures in exposed microsites used by roosting rufous-cheeked nightjar (Caprimulgus rufigena): implications for water balance under current and future climate conditions. Canadian Journal of Zoology 96:1122-1129.

O’Connor, R.S., B. Smit, W.A. Talbot, A.R. Gerson, R.M. Brigham,  B.O. Wolf and A.E. McKechnie. Avian thermoregulation in the heat: is evaporative cooling more economical in nocturnal birds?  In press. J. Experimental Biology. 

Czenze, Z.J., J.L. Tucker, J.E. Littlefair, D. Hamprich-Bennett, H.F.M. De Oliveira, E.L. Clare, R.M. Brigham, A.J.R. Hickey and S. Parsons.  2018. Demographics, season, and location affect dietary preferences of New Zealand lesser short-tailed bat (Mystacina tuberculata).  Ecology and Evolution 2018:1-12.

Knight, E.C., J.W. Ng, C. Mader, R.M. Brigham and E.M. Bayne. 2018. An inordinate fondness for beetles: first description of Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor) diet in the boreal biome.  Wilson Journal of Ornithology 130:525-531.   

Stulberg, A.J., M. Myers and R.M. Brigham. 2018. Seasonal mass fluctuations of captive Tawny Frogmouths (Podargus strigoides) are consistent with seasonal heterothermy.  Journal of  Ornithology 159:303-306. doi 10.1007/s10336-017-1489-9

Wolfe, J.D., B.D. Hall, R.M. Brigham and O.P. Lane. 2018. Mercury exposure to Red-winged Blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) and dragonfly (Odonata: Aeshnidae) nymphs in prairie Pothole wetlands.  Facets 3:179-191. doi:10.1139/facets-2017-0086. 

Brigham, R.M., H. G. Broders, C.A. Toth, J.P. Reimer and R. M.R. Barclay. 2018. Observations on the roosting and foraging behaviour of Woolly false vampire bats, Chrotopterus auritus, in Belize. Caribbean Naturalist 47:1-7.  

Knight, E.C., K.C. Hannah, G.J. Foley, C.D. Scott, R.M. Brigham and E.M Bayne. 2017. Recommendations for acoustic recognizer performance assessment with application to five common automated signal recognition programs. Avian Conservation and Ecology 12 (2):14. [online] URL:

Czenze, Z.J., R.M. Brigham, A.J.R. Hickey and S. Parsons. 2017. Stressful summers? Torpor expression differs between high- and low-latitude populations of bats. Journal of Mammalogy 98:1249-1255.  doi 10.1093/jmammal/gyx071.

Czenze, Z.J., R.M. Brigham, A.J.R. Hickey and S. Parsons. 2017. Winter climate affects torpor patterns and roost choice in New Zealand lesser short-tailed bats.  Journal of Zoology (London) 303:236-243.  doi 10.1111/jzo.12486

O'Connor, R.S., R.M. Brigham and A.E. McKechnie. 2017. Diurnal body temperature patterns in free-ranging populations of two southern African arid-zone nightjars. Journal of Avian Biology 48: 1195-1204. doi: 10.1111/jav.01341

Russo, D., L. Cistrone, I. Budinski, G. Console, M. Della Corte; C. Milighetti, I. Di Salvo, V. Nardone, R.M. Brigham and L. Ancillotto. 2017. Sociality influences thermoregulation and roost switching in a forest bat using ephemeral roosts. Ecology and Evolution. 7:5310-5321. doi 10.1002/ece3.3111

Bondo, K., D. Brooks and R.M. Brigham. 2017. Quantifying relative levels of solar radiation at bat roosts using pyranometers. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 41:376-80. doi: 10.1002/wsb.766

McGuire, L.P. and R.M. Brigham. 2017. Common Nighthawks (Chordeiles minor) can take off from water. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 131:125-127.

Klüg-Baerwald, B.J., C.L. Lausen, C.K.R. Willis and R.M. Brigham. 2017. Home is where you hang your bat: winter roosting selection by prairie-living big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus). Journal of Mammalogy 98: 752-760. doi 10.1093/jmammal/gyx039

Klüg-Baerwald, B.J. and R.M. Brigham. 2017. Hung out to dry? Arid adaptation in hibernating big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus). Oecologia 183:977-985. doi 10.1007/s00442-017-3837-0

Barclay, R.M.R., D.S. Jacobs, C.T. Harding, A.E. McKechnie, S.D. McCulloch, W. Markotter, J. Paweska, and R.M. Brigham. 2017. Thermoregulation by captive and free-ranging Egyptian rousette bats (Rousettus aegyptiacus) in South Africa. Journal of Mammalogy 98: 572-578. doi:10.1093/jmammal/gyw234.

O'Connor, R.S., B.O. Wolf, R.M. Brigham and A.E. McKechnie. 2017. Avian thermoregulation in the heat: efficient evaporative cooling in two southern African nightjars. Journal of Comparative Physiology B. 187:477-491.

Florko, K.R.N., S.J. Bohn, M.C. Kalcounis-Rueppell and R.M. Brigham. 2017. A 23-year old little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus) record from southwest Saskatchewan, Canada. Northwestern
Naturalist 98:57-59.

Czenze, Z.J., R.M. Brigham, A.J.R. Hickey and S. Parsons. 2017. Cold and alone?: roost choice and season affect torpor patterns in lesser short-tailed bats. Oecologia 183:1-8. doi:10.1007/s00442-016-3707-1.

Klüg-Baerwald, B.J., L. Gower, C.L. Lausen and R.M. Brigham. 2016. Environmental correlates and energetics of winter flight by bats in southern Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology 94:829-836.

Webber, Q. M.R., R.M. Brigham, A.D. Park, E. H. Gillam, T.J. O’Shea and C.K.R. Willis. 2016. Social network characteristics and predicted pathogen transmission in summer colonies of female big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 70:701-712.

Bondo, K.J. and R.M. Brigham. 2016. Plasticity by migrant Yellow-rumped Warblers: foraging indoors during unseasonable cold weather. Northwestern Naturalist 97:139-143.

Thompson, R.H., A.R. Thompson and R.M. Brigham. 2015. A flock of Myotis bats at sea. Northeastern Naturalist 22:N27-N30.

Klüg, B. J. and R. M. Brigham. 2015. Changes to metabolism and cell physiology that enable mammalian hibernation. Springer Science Reviews 3:39-56. DOI 10.1007/s40362-015-0030-x.

Somers, C.M., L.M. Heisler, J.L. Doucette, V.A. Kjoss and R.M. Brigham. 2015. Lake use by three avian piscivorous and humans: implications for angler perception and conservation. Open Ornithology Journal 8: 10-21. [DOI: 10.2174/1874453201508010010]

Ludlow, S.M., R.M. Brigham and S.K. Davis.  2015. Oil and gas development has mixed effects on the density and reproductive success of grassland songbirds.  Condor 117: 64-75.

Alberdi, A., J. Aihartza, O. Aizpurua, E. Salsamendi, R. M. Brigham and I. Garin. 2015. Living above the treeline: roosting ecology of the alpine bat Plecotus macrobullaris. European J. Wildlife Research. 61:17-25

Ludlow, S.M., S.K. Davis and R.M. Brigham. 2014. Nesting ecology of grassland songbirds: Effects of predation, parasitism, and weather. Wilson J. Ornithology 126: 686–699.

Clare, E.L., W.O. Symondson, H. Broders, F-H. Fabianek, E. Fraser, A. Mackenzie, A. Boughen, R. Hamilton, C. Willis, F. Martinez, A. Menzies, K. Norquay, M. Brigham, J. Poissant, J. Rintoul, R. Barclay and J. Reimer. 2014. The diet of Myotis lucifugus across Canada: assessing habitat quality and dietary variability. Molecular Ecology 23: 3618-3632.

Burles, D.W., M.B. Fenton, R.M.R. Barclay, R.M. Brigham and D. Volkers. 2014. Aspects of the winter ecology of bats on Haida Gwaii, British Columbia. Northwestern Naturalist.95:289-299.

Rintoul, J.L.P. and R.M. Brigham. 2014. The influence of reproductive condition and concurrent environmental factors on torpor and foraging patterns in female Eptesicus fuscus. J. Comparative Physiol. B. 184:777-787.

Kilgour, R.J., P. Faure, and R.M. Brigham. 2013.  Evidence of social preferences in big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus).  Canadian Journal of Zoology 91:756-760.

Davis, S.K., R.J. Fisher, S.L. Skinner, T.L. Shaffer and R.M. Brigham. 2013.  Songbird abundance in native and planted grassland varies with type and amount of grassland in the surrounding landscape  (PDF). J. Wildl. Manage 77:908-919. 

Kilgour, R. J., and R.M. Brigham. 2013.  The relationships between behavioural categories and social influences in the gregarious big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus) (PDF). Ethology 119:189-198.

Dzal, Y.A. and R.M. Brigham. 2013. The tradeoff between torpor use and reproduction in little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus) (PDF). J. Comparative Physiology B.  Vol 183:279-288. 

Brigham, R.M. and F. Geiser. 2012. Do red squirrels (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) use daily torpor during winter? (PDF) Ecoscience 19:127-132.

Doucette, L.I., R.M. Brigham, C.R. Pavey and F. Geiser. 2012. Prey availability affects daily torpor by free-ranging Australian Owlet-nightjars (Aegotheles cristatus). (PDF) Oecologia 169:361-372.

Skalak, S.L., R.E. Sherwin and R.M. Brigham. 2012. Sampling period, size and duration influence measures of bat species richness from acoustic surveys. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3:490-502.

Gillam, E.H., T.J. O'Shea, and R.M. Brigham. 2011 Non-random patterns of roost emergence in big brown bats, Eptesicus fuscus. J. Mammalogy. 92:1253-1260.

Brigham, R.M., C.K.R.Willis, F. Geiser and N. Mzilikazi. 2011. Baby in the bathwater: Should we abandon the use of body temperature thresholds to quantify expression of torpor? J. Thermal Biology. 36:376-379.

Rambaldini, D.A. and R.M. Brigham. 2011. Pallid bat (Vespertilionidae: Antrozous pallidus) foraging over native and vineyard habitat in British Columbia, Canada. Can. J. Zoology 89:816-822

Doucette, L.I., R.M. Brigham, C.R. Pavey, and F. Geiser. 2011. Roost type influences torpor use by Australian Owlet-nightjars. Naturwissen 98:845-854.

Smit, B., J.G. Boyles, R.M. Brigham, and A.E. McKechnie. 2011. Torpor in dark times: lunar cycle predicts heterothermy in a nocturnal bird. J. Biol. Rhythms 26:241-248.

Somers, C.M.., J.L. Doucette, D.V.C. Weseloh, V.A. Kjoss and R.M. Brigham. 2011. Interactions between Double-crested Cormorants and other ground-nesting species. Colonial Waterbirds. 34:168-176.

Martin, K.A., S.K. Davis, R.J. Fisher and R.M. Brigham. 2010. Song rate variation in Sprague's Pipits (Anthus spragueii). Northwestern Naturalist. 91:329-330.

Dunbar, M.B. and R.M. Brigham. 2010. Thermoregulatory variation among populations of bats along a latitudinal gradient. J. Comp. Physiol. B. 180:885-893. DOI: 10.1007/s00360-010-0457-y.

R.M. Brigham. 2010 Talking the talk: Giving oral presentations about mammals for colleagues and general audiences. J. Mammalogy 91:285-292.

Willis, C.K.R., R.M.R. Barclay, J. G. Boyles, R.M. Brigham, V. Brack Jr., D.L. Waldien, J. Reichard. 2009. Bats are not birds and other problems with Sovacool's' (2009) analysis of animal fatalities due to electricity generation. Energy Policy. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2009.08.034.

Burles, D.W., R.M. Brigham, R.A. Ring and T. E. Reimchen. 2009 Influence of weather on two insectivorous bats in a temperate Northwest Pacific rainforest. Can J. Zool 87: 132-138.

White, C.L., R.M. Brigham and S.K. Davis. 2009. Accidental egg removal by incubating Piping Plovers.Wilson J. Ornithology. 121:171-173.

Burles, D.W., R.M. Brigham, R.A. Ring and T. E. Reimchen. 2008. Diet of two insectivorous bats,Myotis lucifugus and Myotis keenii, in relation to arthropod abundance in a temperate northwest Pacific rainforest environment. Can. J. Zool. 86:1367-1375.

Metheny, J.D., M.C. Kalcounis-Rüeppell, K.J. Bondo, and R.M. Brigham. 2008. A genetic analysis of group movement in an isolated population of tree-roosting bats. Proc. Royal Soc. B. May 275: 2265-2272.

Woods, C.P. and R.M. Brigham. 2008. Common poorwill activity and calling behavior in relation to moonlight and predation. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120:505-512.

Rambaldini, D.A. and R.M. Brigham. 2008. Torpor use by free-ranging pallid bats (Antrozous pallidus) at the northern extrent of their range. J. Mammal. 89: 933-941.

Cooper, C.E., G. Körtner, R.M. Brigham and F. Geiser. 2008. Body temperature and activity patterns of free-living laughing kookaburras (Dacelo novaeguineae): The largest kingfisher is heterothermic.Condor 110 (1):110-115.

Metheny, J.D., M.C. Kalcounis-Rüppell, K.A. Kolar, C.K.R. Willis and R.M. Brigham. 2008. Genetic relationships of roost-mates in a fission-fusion society of tree-roosting big brown bats. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 62:1043-1051.

Willis C.K.R. and R.M. Brigham. 2007. Social thermoregulation, not cavity microclimate, explain forest roost preferences in a cavity-dwelling bat. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 62:97-108.

Todd, L.D., R.G. Poulin, R.M. Brigham, E.M. Bayne and T.I. Wellicome. 2007. Pre-migratory dispersal by juvenile Burrowing Owls in a patchy Landscape. Avian Conservation and Ecology 2 (2): 4.
[online] URL:

Arbuthnott, D. and R.M. Brigham. 2007. The influence of a local temperature inversion on the foraging behaviour of big brown bats, Eptesicus fuscus. Acta Chiropterologica 9:193-201.

Swystun, M.B., J.E. Lane and R.M. Brigham. 2007. Cavity roost site availability and habitat use by bats in different aged riparian cottonwood stands. Acta Chiropterologica 9:183-191.

Somers, C.M.., V.A. Kjoss and R.M. Brigham. 2007. American white pelicans force copulations with nestlings. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119:279-283.

McKechnie, A.E., R.A.M. Ashdown, M.B. Christian and R.M. Brigham. 2007. Torpor in an African caprimulgid, the Freckled Nightjar Caprimulgus tristigma. J. Avian Biology 38:261-266.

Poulin, R.G., L.D. Todd, T.I. Wellicome, and R.M. Brigham. 2006. Assessing the feasibility of release techniques for captive-bred burrowing owls. Journal of Raptor Research 40: 142-150.

Phillips, I.D., T.P. Cobb, J.R. Spence and R.M. Brigham. 2006. Salvage logging, edge effects and carabid beetles: connections to conservation and sustainable forest management. Environ. Entomol. 35:950-957.

Davis, S.K., R.M. Brigham and P.C. James. 2006. Mixed-grass passerines exhibit weak and variable responses to patch size. Auk. 123:807-821.

Willis, C.K.R., C.M.. Voss and R.M. Brigham. 2006. Roost selection by forest-living female big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus). J. Mammal. 87:345-350.

Willis, C.K.R., R.M. Brigham, and F. Geiser. 2006. Deep, prolonged torpor by pregnant, free-ranging bats. Naturewissenschaften 93:90-83.

Psyllakis, J.M. and R.M. Brigham. 2006. Characteristics of diurnal roosts used by female Myotis bats in sub-boreal forests. Forest. Ecology and Management.223:93-102.

Geiser, F., W. Westman, B.M. McAllan, and R.M. Brigham. 2006. Development of thermoregulation and torpor in a marsupial: energetic and evolutionary implications. J. Comp. Physiol. B. 176:107-116.

Kalcounis-Rüppell, M.C., J. M. Pysllakis and R.M. Brigham. 2005. Tree roost selection by bats: An empirical synthesis using meta-analysis. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 33:1123-1132.

Poulin, R.G., L.D. Todd, K.M. Dohms, R.M. Brigham and T.I. Wellicome. 2005. Factors associated with nest- and roost-burrow selection by Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia) on the Canadian Prairies.Can. J. Zool. 83:1373-1380.

Willis, C.K.R., J.E. Lane, E.T. Liknes, D.L. Swanson and R.M. Brigham. 2005. Thermal energetics of female big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus). Can. J. Zoology. 83:871-879.

Geiser, F., B.M. McAllan, and R.M. Brigham. 2005. Daily torpor in a pregnant dunnart (Sminthopsis macroura Dasyuridae: Marsupialia). International. J. Mammalogy 70:117-121.

Willis, C.K.R. and R. M. Brigham. 2005 Physiological and ecological aspects of roost selection by reproductive female hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus). Journal of Mammalogy 86(1):85-94.

Lane, J.E., D.L. Swanson, R.M. Brigham and A.E. McKechnie. 2004. Physiological responses to temperature by Whip-poor-wills: more evidence for the evolution of low metabolic rates in Caprimulgiformes. Condor 106:921-925.

Willis, C.K.R. and R.M. Brigham. 2004. Roost switching, roost sharing and social cohesion: Forest-dwelling big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) conform to the fission-fusion model. Animal Behaviour 68:495-505.

Samways, K.M., R.G. Poulin and R.M. Brigham. 2004. Directional tree felling by beavers (Castor canadensis). Northw. Nat. 85:48-52.

Fisher, R.D., R.G. Poulin, L.D. Todd and R.M. Brigham. 2004. Nest stage, wind speed, and air temperatures affect the nest defense behaviours of Burrowing Owls. Canadian Journal of Zoology 82:707-713.

Lane, J.E., R.M. Brigham and D.L Swanson. 2004. Daily torpor in free-ranging Whip-poor-wills (Caprimulgus vociferus). Physiol. Biochem. Zool. 77(2):297-304.

Fletcher, Q.E., R.J. Fisher, C.K.R. Willis and R.M. Brigham. 2004. Free-ranging Common Nighthawks use torpor. J. Thermal Biol. 29: 9-14.

Fisher, R.J., Q.E. Fletcher, C.K.R. Willis and R.M. Brigham. 2004. Roost selection and roosting behavior of male Common Nighthawks. Amer. Midl. Nat. 151: 79-87.

Willis, C.K.R. and R.M. Brigham. 2003. New Records of the Eastern Red Bat, Lasiurus borealis, from Cypress Hills Provincial Park, Saskatchewan: A response to climate change? Can. Field-Nat. 117:651-654.

Lane, J.E., C.L. Buck and R.M. Brigham. 2003. The bat fauna of southeast South Dakota. The Prairie Naturalist 35: 247-256.

Aldridge, C.L. and R.M. Brigham. 2003 Distribution, status and abundance of Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) in Canada. Can. Field-Nat. 117:25-34.

Aldridge, C.L. and R.M. Brigham. 2003. Sage-grouse nesting and brood habitat use in southern Canada. J. Wildl. Manage. 66: 433-444.

Willis, C.K.R. and R.M. Brigham. 2003. Defining torpor in free-ranging bats: Experimental evaluation of external temperature sensitive radio-transmitters and the concept of active temperature. J. Comp. Physiol. B. 173:379-389.

Todd, L.D., R.G. Poulin, T.I. Wellicome and R.M. Brigham. 2003. Post-fledging survival of burrowing owls in Saskatchewan. J. Wildl. Manage. 67:512-519.

Willis, C.K.R., K. A. Kolar, A. L. Karst, M. C. Kalcounis-Rueppell and R. M. Brigham. 2003. Medium and long-term reuse of trembling aspen cavities as roosts by big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus). Acta Chiropterologica 5:85-90.

Sleep, D.J.H. and R.M. Brigham. 2003. An experimental test of clutter tolerance in bats. Journal of Mammalogy 84: 216-224.

Morissette, J.L., T.P. Cobb, R.M. Brigham, and P.C. James. 2002. The response of boreal songbird communities to fire and post- fire harvesting. Can. J. Forest Research. 32:2169-2183.

Watters, M.E., T.L. McLash, C.L. Aldridge and R.M. Brigham. 2002. The effect of vegetation structure on predation of artificial Greater Sage-Grouse nests. Ecoscience 9:314-319.

Brigham, R.M., R.M.R. Barclay, J.M. Psyllakis, D.J.H. Sleep and K.T. Lowrey. 2002. Guano traps as a means of assessing habitat use by foraging bats. Northwestern Naturalist 85:15-18.

Aldridge, C.L. and R.M. Brigham. 2002. Sage-grouse nesting and brood habitat use in southern Canada. J. Wildl. Manage., 66: 433-444.

Davis, S.K., D. Klippenstine, and R.M. Brigham. 2002. Does egg rejection account for low incidence of cowbird parasitism in Chestnut-collared Longspurs (Calcarius ornatus)? Auk 119: 556-560.

Körtner, G., R.M. Brigham and F. Geiser. 2001. Torpor in Free-Ranging Tawny Frogmouths (Podargus strigoides) Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 74:789-797.

Swystun, M.B., J.M. Psyllakis, and R.M. Brigham. 2001. The influence of residual tree patch isolation on habitat use by bats in central British Columbia. Acta Chiropterologica 3:197-201.

Aldridge, C. L., S. J. Oyler-McCance, and R. M. Brigham. 2001. Occurrence of two Greater Sage-Grouse X Sharp-tailed Grouse hybrids in Alberta. Condor 103: 657-660.

Aldridge C.L. and R.M. Brigham. 2001. Nesting and reproductive activities of Sage Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) in a northern population. Condor 103:537-543.

Poulin, R.G. and R.M. Brigham. 2001. Effects of supplemental calcium on the growth rate of an insectivorous bird, the Purple Martin (Progne subis). Écoscience 8:151-156

Barclay, R.M.R. and R.M. Brigham. 2001. Year-to-year re-use of tree-roosts by California bats (Myotis californicus) in southern British Columbia. Amer. Midl. Nat. 146:80-85.

Körtner, G., R.M. Brigham and F. Geiser. 2000. Winter torpor in a large bird. Nature 407:318.

R.M. Brigham, G. Kortner, T.A. Maddocks and F. Geiser. 2000. Seasonal use of torpor by free-ranging Australian Olwlet-nightjars (Aegotheles cristatus). Physiological and Biochemical Zoology. 73:613-620.

Geiser, F. and R.M. Brigham. 2000. Torpor, thermal biology, and energetics in Australian long-eared bats (Nyctophilus). Journal of Comparative Physiology B 170:153-162.

Grindal, S.D, J.L. Morissette and R.M. Brigham. 1999. Concentration of bat activity in riparian habitats over an elevational gradient. Can. J. Zool. 77: 972-979.

Hecker, K.R. and R.M. Brigham. 1999. Does moonlight change vertical stratification of activity by forest dwelling insectivorous bats? Journal of Mammalogy 80:1196-1201.

Bollinger, T.K., J. Mao, D. Schock, R.M. Brigham and V.G. Chinchar. 1999. Pathology, isolation, and preliminary molecular characterization of a novel iridovirus from tiger salamanders in Saskatchewan. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 35:413-429.

Brigham, R.M., R.C.A. Gutsell, R.S. Wiacek and F. Geiser. 1999. Foraging behavior in relation to the lunar cycle by Australian Owlet-nightjars (Aegotheles cristatus). Emu 99: 253-261.

Poulin, R.G., L.D. Todd and R.M. Brigham.1999. Male common nighthawk use of gravel roads at night. Prairie Naturalist 30:90-95.

Grindal, S.D. and R.M. Brigham. 1999. Impacts of forest harvesting on habitat use by foraging insectivorous bats at different spatial scales. Écoscience 6:25-34.

Kalcounis, M.C., K.A. Hobson, R.M. Brigham and K.R. Hecker. 1999. Bat activity in the boreal forest: importance of stand type and vertical strata. Journal of Mammalogy 80:673-682.

Sutter, G.Cand R.M. Brigham. 1998. Habitat changes resulting from conversion of native prairie to crested wheat grass: songbird community- and species-level patterns. Canadian Journal of Zoology 76:869-875.

Brigham, R.M. and F. Geiser.1998. Seasonal activity patterns of two species of Nyctophilus bats based on mist-net captures. Australian Journal of Mammalogy. 20:349-352.

Espie, R.H.M., P.C. James and R.M. Brigham. 1998. The effects of flooding on piping ploverCharadrius melodus reproductive success at Lake Diefenbaker, Saskatchewan, Canada. Biological Conservation 86:215-222.

Brigham, R.M., S.J.S. Debugs and F. Geiser. 1998. Cavity selection for roosting and nesting and roosting ecology of forest-dwelling Australian Owlet-nightjars (Aegotheles cristatus). Australian Journal of Ecology 23:424-429.

Grindal, S.D. and R.M. Brigham. 1998. Effects of small scale habitat fragmentation on activity by insectivorous bats. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:996-1003.

Todd, L.D., R.G. Poulin and R.M. Brigham. 1998. Diet of Common Nighthawks (Chordeiles minor:Caprimulgidae) relative to prey abundance. American Midland Naturalist 139:20-28.

Kalcounis, M.C. and R.M. Brigham. 1998. Secondary use of aspen cavities by tree roosting big brown bats. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:603-611.

Brigham, R.M., M.B. Fenton and H.D.J.N. Aldridge. 1998. Flight speed of foraging common nighthawks (Chordeiles minor): Does the measurement technique matter? American Midland Naturalist 139:325-330.

Brigham, R.M., R.L. Francis and S. Handoff. 1997. Microhabitat use by two species of Nyctophilusbats: a test of geomorphology theory. Australian Journal of Zoology 45:553-560.

Brigham, R.M., M.J. Oho, R.M.R. Barclay, and J.C. William. 1997. Roosting behavior and roost-site preferences of forest-dwelling California bats (Myotis californicus). Journal of Mammalogy 78:1231-1239.

Brigham, R.M. and F. Geiser. 1997. Breeding biology of Australian Owlet-nightjars Aegotheles cristatus in eucalypt woodland. Emu 97:316-321.

Brigham, R. M., S.D. Grindal, M.C. Fireman, and J.L. Morissette. 1997. The influence of structural clutter on activity patterns of insectivorous bats. Canadian Journal of Zoology 75:131-136.

Wang, K. and R.M. Brigham. 1997. Roost-site characteristics of Common Poorwills, Phalaeoptilus nuttallii, in Saskatchewan. Canadian Field-Naturalist 111: 543-547.

Poulin, R.G., S.D. Grindal and R.M. Brigham. 1996. Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor). In The Birds of North America, No. 213. (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and The American Ornithologist’ Union, Washington, D.C.

Espie, R.H.M., R.M. Brigham and P.C. James. 1996. Habitat selection and clutch fate of Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) breeding at Lake Diefenbaker, Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Zoology 74:1069-1075.

Bender, D.J., E.M. Bayne and R.M. Brigham. 1996. Lunar condition influences coyote (Anis lantanas) howling. American Midland Naturalist 136: 413-417.

Barclay, R.M.R., M.C. Kalcounis, L.H. Crampon, C. Stefan, M.J. Oho, L. Wilkinson, and R.M. Brigham. 1996. Can external radio transmitters be used to assess body temperature and torpor in bats? Journal of Mammalogy 77:1102-1106.

Sutter, G.C., D.J. Awaits, D.C. Cooper and R.M. Brigham. 1996. Reinvesting intervals in Sprague’s Pipit, Anthus spragueii. Canadian Field-Naturalist 110:694-697.

Thomas D.W., R.M. Brigham and H. Ampere. 1995 Field metabolic rates and body mass changes in Common Poorwills (Phalaeoptilus nuttallii : Caprimulgidae). Écoscience 3:70-74.

Brigham, R.M., K.H. Morgan and P.C. James. 1995. Evidence that free-ranging common nighthawks may enter torpor. Northwestern Naturalist 76:149-150.

Chalk G.V. and R.M. Brigham. 1995. Prey selection by insectivorous bats: are essential fatty acids important? Canadian Journal of Zoology 73:1855-1859.

Brigham, R.M. and R.M.R. Barclay. 1995. Prey detection by Common Nighthawks: Does vision impose a constraint? Ecoscience 2: 276-279.

Negraeff, O.E. and R.M. Brigham.  1995. The influence of moonlight on the activity of little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus).  Z. Säugetierkunde 60: 330-336.

Gummer, D.L. and R.M. Brigham. 1995. Does fluctuating asymmetry reflect trait importance in little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus). Canadian Journal of Zoology 73:990-992.

Wang K., M.C. Kalcounis, D.J. Bender, D.L. Gummer and R.M. Brigham. 1995. Predation on free-ranging Common Poorwills in Saskatchewan. Journal of Field Ornithology 66:400-403.

Kalcounis, M.C. and R.M. Brigham. 1995. Intraspecific variation in wing loading affects habitat use by little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus). Canadian Journal of Zoology 73:89-95.

Bayne, E.M. and R.M. Brigham. 1995. Prey selection and foraging constraints in Common Poorwills (Phalaeoptilus nuttallii: Aves: Caprimulgidae). Journal of Zoology (London) 235:1-8.

Kalcounis, M.C. and R.M. Brigham. 1994. Impact of predation risk on emergence by little brown bats, Myotis lucifugus (Chiroptera:spertilionidae), from a maternity colony. Ethology 98:201-209.

Csada, R.D. and R.M. Brigham. 1994. Reproduction constrains the use of daily torpor by free ranging common poorwills (Phalaeoptilus nuttallii). Journal of Zoology(London) 234:209-216.

Barclay, R.M.R. and R.M. Brigham. 1994. Constraints on optimal foraging: a field test of prey discrimination by echolocating insectivorous bats. Animal Behaviour 48:1013- 1021.

Csada, R.D. and R.M. Brigham. 1994. Breeding biology of the Common Poorwill at the northern edge of its distribution. Journal of Field Ornithology 65:186-193.

Zurowski, K.L. and R.M. Brigham. 1994. Does use of doubly labeled water in metabolic studies alter activity levels of Common Poorwills? Wilson Bulletin 106:412-415.

Brigham, R.M. and P. Trayhurn. 1994. Brown fat in birds? A test for the "mammalian" BAT-specific mitochondrial uncoupling protein in Common Poorwills. Condor 96:208-211.

Kissner, K.J. and R.M. Brigham. 1993. Evidence for the use of torpor by incubating and brooding Common Poorwills Phalaeoptilus nuttallii. Ornis Scandinavica 24:333-334.

Milligan, B.N. and R.M. Brigham. 1993. Sex ratio variation in the yuma bat (Myotis yumanensis). Canadian Journal of Zoology 71:937-40.

Fireman, M.C., R.M. Brigham and R.M.R. Barclay. 1993. Do free-ranging Common Nighthawks enter torpor? Condor 95:157-162.

Nagorsen, D.W. and R.M. Brigham. 1993. Bats of British Columbia. Royal British Columbia Museum Handbook. Vol.1. The Mammals of British Columbia. UBC Press, Vancouver. 164 pp.

Csada, R.D. and R.M. Brigham. 1992. Common Poorwill. In The Birds of North America. No. 32 (A. Poole, P. Stettenheim, and F. Gill Eds.). Philadelphia: The Academy of Natural Sciences; Washington, DC; The American Ornithologists' Union.

Grindal, S.D., T.S. Collard, R.M. Brigham and R.M.R. Barclay. 1992. The influence of rainfall on the reproduction of insectivorous bats in British Columbia. American Midland Naturalist 128:339-344.

Csada, R.D., R.M. Brigham and B.R. Pittendrigh. 1992. Prey selection in relation to insect availability by the common poorwill (Phalaeoptilus nuttallii). Canadian Journal of Zoology 70:1299-1303.

Milligan, B.N. and R.M. Brigham. 1992. The influence of group size on vigilance in captive-raised Ring-necked pheasants. Condor 94:787-790.

Brigham, R.M. 1992. Daily torpor in a free-ranging goatsucker, the common poorwill (Phalaeoptilus nuttallii). Physiological Zoology 65:457-472.

Brigham, R.M. and R.M.R.Barclay. 1992. Lunar influence on foraging and nesting activity of Common Poorwills (Phalaeoptilus nuttallii). Auk 09:315-320.

Kalcounis, M.C., R.D. Csada and R.M. Brigham. 1992. Axle grease as an alternative adhesive for use on sticky traps. Canadian Entomologist 124:561-562.

Brigham, R.M., H.D.J.N. Aldridge and R.L. Mackey. 1992. Variation in habitat use and prey selection by Yuma bats (Myotis yumanensis). Journal of Mammalogy 73:640-645.

Grindal, S.D,T.S. Collard and R.M. Brigham. 1991. Evidence for a resident breeding population of pallid bats, (Antrozous pallidus) in British Columbia.Contributions to Natural Science, Royal British Columbia Provincial Museum. 14:1-4.

Brigham, R.M. 1991. Apparent drinking by the common poorwill (Phalaeoptilus nuttallii). Northwestern Naturalist 72:82-84.

Barclay, R.M.R. and R.M. Brigham. 1991. Prey detection, dietary niche breadth and body size in bats: Why are insectivorous bats so small? American Naturalist 137:693-703.

Brigham, R.M. and M.B. Fenton. 1991. Convergence in foraging strategies by two morphologically and phylogenetically distinct nocturnal aerial insectivores. Journal of Zoology (London) 223:475-489.

Brigham, R.M. 1991. Flexibility in foraging and roosting behaviour by the big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus). Canadian Journal of Zoology 69:117-121.

Aldridge H.D.J.N. and R.M. Brigham. 1991. Factors influencing foraging time in two aerial insectivores; the bird, Chordeiles minor and the bat, Eptesicus fuscus. Canadian Journal of Zoology 69:62-69.

Brigham, R.M., M.J. Sarell and C.G. Harris. 1990. Roosting of northern flickers (Colaptes auratus) under a concrete bridge. Northwestern Naturalist 71:52-53.

Brigham, R.M. 1990. Prey selection by big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) and common nighthawks (Chordeiles minor). American Midland Naturalist 124:73-80.

Brigham, R.M., C.D. Ianuzzo, N. Hamilton and M.B. Fenton. 1990. Histochemical and biochemical plasticity of muscle fibers in the little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus). Journal of Comparative Physiology (B). 160:183-186.

Miller, W.R. and R.M. Brigham. 1990. "Ceremonial" gathering of Black-Billed Magpies (Pica pica) after the sudden death of a conspecific. Murrelet 69:78-79.

Fenton, M.B., C.M.. Swanepoel, R.M. Brigham, J.E. Cebek, and M.B.C. Hickey. 1990. Foraging behavior and prey selection by large slit-faced bats (Nycteris grandis; Chiroptera :Nycteridae). Biotropica 22:2-8.

Brigham, R.M. and M.B. Saunders. 1990. Diet of big brown bat's (Eptesicus fuscus)in relation to insect availability in southern Alberta, Canada. Northwest Science 64:7-10.

Brigham, R.M. 1989. Effects of radio transmitters on the foraging behavior of Barn Swallows. Wilson Bulletin 101:505-506.

Brigham, R.M. 1989. Roost and nest sites of Common Nighthawks: Are gravel roofs important?Condor 91:722-724.

Brigham, R.M., J.E. Cebek and M.B.C. Hickey. 1989. Intraspecific variation in the echolocation calls of two species of insectivorous bats. Journal of Mammalogy 70:426-428.

Brigham, R.M. and A.C. Brigham. 1989. Evidence for association between a mother bat and its young during and after foraging. American Midland Naturalist 121:205-207.

Aldridge, H.D.J.N. and R.M. Brigham. 1988. Load carrying and maneuverability in an insectivorous bat: a test of the 5% "rule"; of radio-telemetry. Journal of Mammalogy 69:379-382.

Brigham, R.M. 1987. The significance of winter activity by Eptesicus fuscus: the influence of energy reserves. Canadian Journal of Zoology 65:1240-1242.

Brigham, R.M. and M.B. Fenton. 1987. The effect of roost sealing as a method to control maternity colonies of big brown bats. Canadian Journal of Public Health 78:47-50.

Brigham, R.M. and M.B. Fenton. 1986. The influence of roost closure on the roosting and foraging behaviour of Eptesicus fuscus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 64:1128-1133.

Fenton, M.B., R.M. Brigham, A.M. Mills and I.L. Rautenbach. 1985. The roosting and foraging areas ofEpomophorus wahlbergi (Pteropodidae) and Scotophilus viridis (Vespertilionidae) in Kruger National Park, South Africa. Journal of Mammalogy 66:461-468.