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Courses in Women's and Gender Studies

WGST 100 - Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies
This course will examine the historical development of feminism and women's studies. Women's representation in academic practice will be analyzed using examples from humanities, the arts, and social sciences. Strategies for change and for the empowerment of women will be considered.

WGST 200 - Feminisms: Feminist Theories and Knowledge
An examination of theoretical and epistemological issues related to feminist and indigenous systems of knowledge. Course materials will bring diverse theorists into dialogue with such topics as gender, identity, sexuality, the body, work, the family, language, violence, representation. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 201 - Women, the Environment and Change
This course is an interdisciplinary and cross-cultural exploration of issues revolving around women, the environment and change. Some topics explored will be a feminist view of the social, historical and cultural roots of the environmental crisis, environmental rights and ethics, and women's participation in environmental movements to name a few. ***Prerequisite: Completion of 15 credit hours or WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 202 - Women and Reproductive Technologies: Ancient and Modern
This course is an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, and historical exploration of women and reproduction through a feminist lens. Topics will range over a broad spectrum of social, cultural and scientific issues. These may include: women's reproductive knowledge and midwifery and/or rituals and taboos surrounding conception among others. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 202 or WGST 380AP.*

WGST 203 - Women, Motherhood, and Mothering
This course is a feminist exploration of the many issues revolving around women as mothers. Motherhood as a patriarchal institution has often oppressed women while women's experiences of mothering have often been empowering. Mother roles, expectations, stereotypes, and experiences will be examined from an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, and historical perspective. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 204 - Women, Gender, and Science
This course is an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, and historical exploration of diverse issues revolving around the relationship between Gender and Science. Topics explored may include a feminist exploration of women's historical and contemporary placement within science, the diverse ways women view science and are viewed within science, among others. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 204 or WGST 302.*

WGST 205 - Women's Autobiography, Life Writing, and Empowerment
A feminist exploration of women's autobiographical expressions including: memoirs, journals, personal essays, autoethnography, scripts, and film. Autobiography gives voice to the way social constructions of gender, race, class, age, ability, and sexuality regulate and influence women's lived experiences. Methods of resistance and empowerment embedded in autobiography are examined as well. ***Prerequisite: 30 credit hours or permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 205 or WGST 280AI.*

WGST 206 - Feminism & Activism
How do feminist principles translate into political action, public policy, organizational structures, artistic or religious movements? Why have some movements been successful where others failed? We will examine this "dance" through the context and biographies of suffragette leaders, feminist global movements, and engage in service learning at successful feminist agencies. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 206 or WGST 280AG.*

WGST 220 - The Practice of Feminist Research: Power and Inequality
This course examines the research process through feminist lenses engaging with questions about power, inequality, and positionality inherent in doing research. Considerations of how power relations inform the various steps in the research process are examined from the selection of topics to the presentation of findings. ***Prerequisite: Completion of 30 credit hours or WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 280AH - Indigenous Feminisms
This class will focus on Aboriginal women and feminist analysis, identity, activism and the interplay of gender, colonialism, racism and sexism on Aboriginal women today. The parameters of Aboriginal feminisms and its relevance to culture and community inside and outside of Canada will also be a focus. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 280AJ - Mother Nature, Natural Mothers and the Nature of Mothering
This course provides a critical interdisciplinary exploration of biological and evolutionary as well as social, historical, and cultural influences on women's mothering practises and lived experiences. Concepts considered include control of female reproduction, survival and sacrifice, cooperative breeding, allomothering, infanticide, and shared nursing in mothers across several cultures and species. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 280AK - Sex and Sexualities in Religion
Religious teachings on sexual practices, desires and orientations have regulated social norms and notions of morality. Examining a number of religious traditions, historical moments and current religious, feminist and queer movements, this course invites students to discern tropes and potentiality within the larger discourse of personal agency and social power. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 280AK, WGST 490AC, RLST 290AP, or RLST 390BL.*

WGST 280AL - Women in Christianity
This is a survey course that explores the history of women as contributors to the Christian church. From Jewish and Judeo-Christian roots, through subsequent centuries, the content will focus on women’s contributions, struggles, and evolution within and outside of ecclesiastical structures. Discussion will assess women’s contributions to the Christian tradition and how their role in leadership has been recorded from early Christian history until today. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 280AL, CATH 290AD, or RLST 290AU.*

WGST 280AM - Indigenous (First Nations, Metis and Inuit) Masculinities in Canada
This course examines how historical and contemporary constructions of Indigenous masculinity have shaped our understanding of what it means to act and be an ‘Indigenous male’ in Canadian society. It draws on critical gender theory to interrogate how issues associated with maleness interact with questions of race, class, and sexuality. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 280AN - Women in Greece and Rome
A survey of the different lives, roles and representations of women in Greece and Rome within the context of changing historical circumstances. The course examines the subject through such categories as myth, class and sexuality and draws on evidence from a wide range of cultural production. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 280AO - Religion and Gender, Sex and Sexualities in Historical and Contemporary South Asia
Religion contributes to the construction and understanding of gender and sex/ualities. This course examines how this happens in both historical and contemporary South Asia, for example, how Hinduism informs gender and sex/ualities in India, Islam the same in Bangladesh and Pakistan, or Buddhism in Sri Lanka. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 280AO or RLST 290BA.*

WGST 280AP - Masculinities and Media
An introduction to the field exploring key theories and epistemologies in Masculinity Studies through mainstream and alternative media forms. Historical and contemporary masculinities will be explored. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 300 - Missing Women: Decolonization, Third Wave Feminisms and Indigenous Peoples
Why are Indigenous women throughout the world more likely to "go missing"? This class will examine systems that intersect and perpetuate racism and colonialism, sexism and poverty, and the effects of globalization on the breakdown of family structures. Expertise and voices from community activists will be integral to this class. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 300 or WGST 390AF.*

WGST 301 - Women and Health: Local and Global
This course examines a wide range of issues in women's health and wellness from a critical feminist perspective. It will cover a range of topics such as the ramifications of the biomedical model for women's health, disparities in women's health, AIDS, mental health, violence against women, aging, disabilities, and reproduction. ***Prerequisite: Completion of 30 credit hours, or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 361 - Gender, Race, and the History of Art
Seminar on the impact of feminist post-colonial critiques on the discipline of art history. Readings, discussions, and papers will focus on topics such as body imagery, the gaze, sexuality, primitivism, orientalism, the canon, and the culture wars, the studying of non-Western cultures, etc. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 362 - Geography of Identities and Power
An examination and comparison of the use and perception of space and place by time-period, and culture, age, gender, race, ethnicity, class and sexuality: in homes, neighbourhoods, cities, rural areas, recreation, travel, environment, and politics. ***Prerequisite: Completion of 30 credit hours including WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 362, GES 338, or GEOG 338.*

WGST 367 - Gender and Language
A study of issues related to gender and language, including stylistic variation between genders, differing strategies for dealing with gendered interactions in a social context, the history of sexist language, and debates about political correctness and inclusive language usage. ***Prerequisite: ENGL 100 and WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 367 or ENGL 367.*

WGST 372 - Gender: Theories and Practices
This course begins by examining gender/sex theories (feminist, masculinity, and queer studies) arising from a variety of academic locations. Thereafter, we analyze gender/sex ideologies shaped by and in religio-cultural practices across a spectrum of historical locations (e.g., ancient Greece, early modern Europe, West Africa, and the Middle East). ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or RLST 100, or permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 372, RLST 373, RLST 490AY, or RLST 890BI.*

WGST 380AB - Women's Autobiography
This course will examine varieties of women's life-writing strategies, including confessions, diaries, memoirs, and family histories. Students will also consider how life stories are told in other media, such as visual art, material culture, and oral histories. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 380AM - Gender, Race and Sexuality in Popular Culture
This course is an examination of the make-up and organizations of social formations through the medium of popular culture. Popular culture is taken to be a significant expression of human existence, and this course intends to investigate such expression, paying attention to the categories of gender, race, and sexuality. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 380AO - Theory of Feminisms & Activism
A variety of theoretical locations of feminisms in relationship to activist styles, methods and issues will be examined through readings, films, advanced individual research and service learning in the community. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 380AO or WGST 280AG.*

WGST 380AP - Women & Reproductive Technologies: Ancient & Modern - Advanced
An advanced, interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, and historical exploration of women and reproduction through a feminist lens. Topics range over a broad spectrum of social, cultural, and scientific issues. Students will produce a major research paper and present an oral report of their research. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 380AP or WGST 202.*

WGST 380AQ - Women's Autobiography, Life Writing and Empowerment - Advanced
An advanced, feminist exploration of women's autobiographical expressions including: memoirs, journals, personal essays, autoethnography, scripts, and film. Autobiography gives voice to the way social constructions of gender, race, class, age, ability, and sexuality regulate and influence women's lived experiences. Methods of resistance and empowerment embedded in autobiography are examined as well. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.*** *Note Students may receive credit for one of WGST 380AQ or WGST 280AI.*

WGST 380AR - Intergenerational Learning of Textile Arts in Indigenous Communities
Intergenerational learning as a form of Indigenous knowledge translation is commonly understood in Aboriginal Communities. This course will explore how such learning informs and challenges textile art production, such as beading and weaving, within Indigenous Communities. The course will explore how the creative arts experiences such as the production of textiles links to Indigenous ways of understanding. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 380AS - Women in Medieval Europe
This course will explore the roles of women in European society, economy, culture, and religion from the end of the Roman Empire to c.1400. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 380AT - Other Worlds: 18th Century Women Writers and Exploration
This class features readings from 18th century women who were engaged in various forms of scientific, geographical, and cultural exploration. We'll read pieces of early science fiction, letters from abroad, and explore the many worlds that made up 18th century London. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 380AT or ENGL 319AH.*

WGST 380AU - Modern British Women Playwrights
Will focus on important British plays written by women in the last twenty years, examining their response to concerns of unique to women and to larger societal issues. Will address the goals and distinctiveness of women's writing and discuss the role of the woman playwright in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 380AU or ENGL 319AF.*

WGST 380AV - Women, the Environment, and Change Advanced
An advanced level, interdisciplinary, cross-cultural exploration of issues revolving around women, the environment and change. Some topics explored are a feminist view of the social, historical, and cultural roots of the environmental crisis, environmental rights, ethics, and women's participation in environmental movements. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 380AW - Gender in Modern America
This course will examine the ways in which race, ethnicity, class, region, and sexuality have shaped ideas about gender and gender ideals in the United States since the Civil War, as well as how these beliefs changed over time and were contested throughout modern U.S. history. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 380AW or HIST 334.*

WGST 380AX - The Early Modern Play of Gender
This course examines the ways in which early modern English drama interrogates gender categories, particularly through its practice of casting boys in women's roles. We study how the one-sex model in early modern England relates to the history of cross-dressing, as well as queer performances and criticism, in five or six selected plays by Shakespeare and his contemporaries. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 380AX or ENGL 394AC.*

WGST 380AY - Gender, Justice & Settler Colonialism
An intersectional lens will be used to analyze how settler colonialism directly impacts justice outcomes in criminal and child welfare proceedings in Canada and other settler states. The class will include case studies and legal theory including the Gladue Principle. Students do not need to have a justice background. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 380AZ - Espionage in Popular Culture
With a focus on gender, race, and sexuality this course explores media representations of spying, security, surveillance, transparency, secrets, conspiracy, and paranoia in popular culture. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 390AQ - Stories We Tell
Examining the stories of women from select religious time periods as told through their own words, artistry, music and the subsequent legends that followed, we ask what influenced the way they told their stories, and what influence, if any, do they have on storytellers today? Students engage in storytelling! ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 390AV - Queer Indigenous Studies
This course examines literature and studies that examine queer Indigenous systems. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 390AW - Directed Readings in Ecofeminism, Gender, Nature
An exploration of readings and studies connecting gender, nature, and environment. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 420 - Queer Theory and Trans Studies: Embodiment and Representation of Gender and Sexuality
This course examines sexualities cross-culturally and historically. Subjects such as heterosexuality, homosexuality, heterosexism, transsexuality, so-called sexual deviancy, and gay and lesbian culture are investigated. Included will be an elucidation of sexualities via recourse to social, cultural, and ritual practices. ***Prerequisite: Permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 421 - Feminism, Women, and Globalization
An examination of the conditions of women's lives in a global context. Engaging feminist theoretics within postcolonialism, anti-racism and civil rights locations, this course examines women's issues such as poverty, environmental degradation, labour, power, and so forth and subsequent feminist responses generated from a variety of geo-political locations. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and WGST 200, or the Department Head.***

WGST 480AF - Women, the Environment and Change - Advanced
This course is an advanced interdisciplinary and cross-cultural exploration of issues revolving around women, the environment and change. Some topics explored will be a feminist view of the social, historical and cultural roots of the environmental crisis, environmental rights and ethics, and women's participation in environmental movements to name a few. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100, or permission of the Department Head is required to register.***

WGST 480AG - Women and Reproductive Knowledge Advanced
This course is an advanced version of WGST 202 and is an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, and historical exploration of women and reproduction through a feminist lens. Topics will range over a broad spectrum of social, cultural and scientific issues. These may include: women's reproductive knowledge and midwifery and/or rituals and taboos surrounding conception among others. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 480AH - Racialized Policing
This class will explore the complexity of radicalized policing practices by looking at the history of policing, its roots in white supremacy, and settler colonialism in North America. The class will be organized through an intersectional lens to analyze many movements including Black Lives Matter and Indigenous Lives Matter within broader discussions of justice reform including an exploration of the abolitionist movement. *This class will be offered at the 400-level with options for 800-level modifications for graduate level instruction.* ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or completion of 15 credit hours, or permission of the coordinator.***

WGST 480AI - Women's Memoir: Theory and Practice
This seminar examines the genre of women's memoir through both a critical and creative lens. We analyze several contemporary women's memoirs while gaining practice in the craft of memoir writing. Feminist and gender theory enables us to understand as well as trouble categories such as woman, identity, memory, and narration. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Coordinator***

WGST 480AJ - Doing Women's and Gender History
In this senior level course, students learn how to “do” women’s and gender history. Through discussions about interpreting sources and disseminating historical knowledge, they acquire deep familiarity with women’s and gender historiography. As well, by applying advanced historical methods and sharing their findings, they themselves become practising historians. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 and permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 480AJ or HIST 420.*

WGST 490AB - Advanced Missing Women: Decolonization, Third Wave Feminisms and Indigenous Peoples
Why are indigenous women throughout the world more likely to "go missing"? This class will examine systems that intersect and perpetuate racism and colonialism, sexism and poverty, and the effects of globalization on the breakdown of family structures. Upper level research required. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 490AC - Directed Readings in Sex and Sexualities in Religion
Course material will evaluate religious and secular discourse on sex, gender, sexualities, and sexual orientations culminating in a major student project. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.*** *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 490AC, WGST 280AK, RLST 290AP, or RLST 390BL.*

WGST 490AD - Feminist Interrogations of Violence
This course provides students with an opportunity to develop their knowledge and understanding of violence as it is enacted in social bodies around the globe. Subjects examined by students can be intimate partner violence, sexual violence, racial violence, violence enacted in civil conflict and war, bullying, and so forth. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 490AE - Advanced Feminisms and Activism
This course explores the myriad of ways that activism becomes a way of life. With feminist analyses applied to community organizations, literature, governmental policies and more, this course allows students to develop their own methodological approach to both feminism and activism. ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 490AF - Advanced Studies in Multiculturalism and Feminism
What shape does the discourse of multiculturalism take when examined through feminist theories? What models of dialogue amongst religions and between the religious and the secular arise within our Canadian context? ***Prerequisite: WGST 100 or permission of the Department Head.***

WGST 498AA - Honours Seminar
Honours seminar. ***Prerequisite: Admission to the Honours program.*** **Permission of the Department Head is required to register.**

WGST 499AA - Honours Essay
Honours essay. ***Prerequisite: Admission to the Honours program.*** **Permission of the Department Head is required to register.**

WGST 800 - Feminist Theory
This course is an examination of feminist theory from 1980s until present. Our intention is to examine in detail different epistemological positions and theoretical orientations (with some attention to methodology) such as standpoint, poststructuralism, postcolonialism, queer, and antiracist feminist theories. *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 800 or WGST 880AG.*

WGST 801 - Sexualities: Theories and Practices
This course examines sexualities around the globe in both ancient and modern contexts. Subjects such as heterosexuality, homosexuality, heteronormativity, transsexuality, sexual "deviancy", pornography, and so forth will be investigated through text, film, and novel. Included will be an elucidation of sexualities via recourse to religious and ritual practice.

WGST 802 - Women, Feminism and Globalization--Advanced
This course will be an examination of the conditions of women's lives in a global context. Engaging feminist theoretics within postcolonialism, anti-racism and civil rights locations, this course will examine women's issues, poverty, environment, labour, power, etc. and subsequent feminist responses generated from a variety of geo-political locations.

WGST 803 - Gender: Theories and Practices
This graduate level course is a comparative investigation of gender/sex ideology. Our endeavor is to isolate and examine gender/sex as a category of analysis and then analyze its deployment through sign-symbol, myth and ritual in varying geographical, historical and cultural location, e.g., modern Eurowest, ancient Greece and Rome, and Africa.

WGST 880AB - Masculinity and Gendered Violence
This course is an exploration of theories of masculinity and how masculinity is related to gender-based violence. Topics will include: construction of male identity, male hegemony, social representations of masculinities, and racialized masculinities. An in-depth literature review and theoretical paper on existing research in the area will be included.

WGST 880AI - Violence and Indigenous Women
This course will engage postcolonial, feminist, Indigenous and poststructuralist theory to examine the discourse on missing and murdered Indigenous Women. Working from our national context and moving to a global perspective, students will identify patterns of violence and resistance and become skilled at historical, political, gendered, economic and cultural analyses.

WGST 880AJ - Women, Motherhood and Mothering - Advanced
This course is a feminist exploration of the many issues revolving around women as mothers. Motherhood as a patriarchal institution has often oppressed women while women's experiences of mothering have often been empowering. Mother roles, expectations, stereotypes, and experiences will be examined from an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, and historical perspective.

WGST 880AK - Indigenous Feminist Storytelling
This course examines intersecting methods of Indigenous storytelling and feminist methodology as intersecting and decolonizing processes.

WGST 880AL - Feminist Theories and Islamic Scholars
This course addresses contemporary social justice issues in feminist Islamic scholarship with specific attention paid to historical, socio-cultural, legal, geographical and religious discourses. Leading scholars specific to student concerns will be analyzed, and postcolonial and poststructural methodologies employed. *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 880AL or RLST 390AM.*

WGST 880AM - Advance Gender, Race, and Sexuality in Popular Culture
This course interrogates social relations of power embedded within Western popular culture from a feminist perspective. It examines a range of cultural texts from television and film, to artistic represenatations and performaces, to blogs and podcasts. The course is organized around three themes of critique: representaton, consumption, and production.

WGST 880AN - Feminist Interrogations of Violence
This course provides students with an opportunity to develop their knowledge and understanding of violence as it is enacted in social bodies around the globe. Subjects examined by students can be intimate partner violence, sexual violence, racial violence, violence enacted in civil conflict and war, bullying, and so forth. *Note: Students may receive credit for one of WGST 880AN or WGST 490AD.*

WGST 880AO - Racialized Policing
This class explores racialised policing practices by looking at the history of policing, its roots in white supremacy, and settler colonialism. The class is organized through an intersectional lens to analyze movements including Black Lives Matter and Indigenous Lives Matter within broader discussions of justice reform and the abolitionist movement.

WGST 880AP - Women's Memoir: Theory and Practice
This seminar examines the genre of women's memoir through both a critical and creative lens. We analyze several contemporary women's memoirs while gaining practice in the craft of memoir writing. Feminist and gender theory enables us to understand as well as trouble categories such as woman, identity, memory, and narration.

WGST 880AQ - Research Methodologies
Students will develop research methods to support their graduate projects.

WGST 901 - Thesis Research
Thesis Research