Monkeypox Information


Monkeypox is a rare virus that causes a self-limiting disease with the potential to create complications in individuals who are immunocompromised, pregnant, and in children. The numbers currently in Saskatchewan are very low. Please see Monkeypox | Emerging Public Health Issues | Government of Saskatchewan for more information.

The virus enters the body through broken skin (even if not visible), the respiratory tract or the eyes, nose, or mouth. Flu-like symptoms such as fever, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes, respiratory symptoms and a rash are signs and symptoms of infection. Some infected individual may develop a rash only without other symptoms. This rash is characterized by small blisters that may be painful or itchy, later creating a “pox” that will scab as it heals.

Monkeypox can be transmitted to anyone through close contact to the rash, lesions or body fluids from an infected individual. The virus is also spread by prolonged contact with bed linens and clothing recently handled by an infected person or prolonged face to face contact with someone who has the disease.

Reduce the risk of being infected or spreading monkeypox by self-isolating if you have symptoms, avoid close contact with someone who is infected or has been exposed, and maintain good hand hygiene by regularly washing your hands with soap and water or an alcohol based hand sanitizer.

Practice good respiratory etiquette (cough or sneeze into a tissue or your elbow) or wear a well-fitting mask. Cleaning and disinfecting high- surfaces and objects in your home, especially after having visitors is highly recommended. Examples of disinfectants effective against monkeypox are 10% dilute household bleach, Clorox Disinfectant Cleaners or Lysol Disinfectant Cleaners. For options and information please see:

Surface disinfectants for emerging viral pathogens - Canada.ca


References:

How it Spreads | Monkeypox | Poxvirus | CDC, https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/transmission.html
Monkeypox (bccdc.ca), http://www.bccdc.ca/health-info/diseases-conditions/monkeypox

Public Health Agency of Canada also provides information with regards to:

 

If you think you have been exposed or have a rash please self-isolate, mask and cover any blisters with a clean bandage. Please call the Saskatchewan Health Authority Healthline at 811 for an assessment.